May 11, 2021

A Seat at the King's Table

2 Samuel 5–9

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David Anointed King of Israel

Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, “Behold, we are your bone and flesh. In times past, when Saul was king over us, it was you who led out and...

David Anointed King of Israel

Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, “Behold, we are your bone and flesh. In times past, when Saul was king over us, it was you who led out and brought in Israel. And the LORD said to you, ‘You shall be shepherd of my people Israel, and you shall be prince1 over Israel.’” So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and King David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the LORD, and they anointed David king over Israel. David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. At Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and at Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.2

And the king and his men went to Jerusalem against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who said to David, “You will not come in here, but the blind and the lame will ward you off”—thinking, “David cannot come in here.” Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion, that is, the city of David. And David said on that day, “Whoever would strike the Jebusites, let him get up the water shaft to attack ‘the lame and the blind,’ who are hated by David’s soul.” Therefore it is said, “The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.” And David lived in the stronghold and called it the city of David. And David built the city all around from the Millo inward. 10 And David became greater and greater, for the LORD, the God of hosts, was with him.

11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, also carpenters and masons who built David a house. 12 And David knew that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel.

13 And David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to David. 14 And these are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, 15 Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia, 16 Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet.

David Defeats the Philistines

17 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for David. But David heard of it and went down to the stronghold. 18 Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim. 19 And David inquired of the LORD, “Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will you give them into my hand?” And the LORD said to David, “Go up, for I will certainly give the Philistines into your hand.” 20 And David came to Baal-perazim, and David defeated them there. And he said, “The LORD has broken through my enemies before me like a breaking flood.” Therefore the name of that place is called Baal-perazim.3 21 And the Philistines left their idols there, and David and his men carried them away.

22 And the Philistines came up yet again and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim. 23 And when David inquired of the LORD, he said, “You shall not go up; go around to their rear, and come against them opposite the balsam trees. 24 And when you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, then rouse yourself, for then the LORD has gone out before you to strike down the army of the Philistines.” 25 And David did as the LORD commanded him, and struck down the Philistines from Geba to Gezer.

The Ark Brought to Jerusalem

David again gathered all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand. And David arose and went with all the people who were with him from Baale-judah to bring up from there the ark of God, which is called by the name of the LORD of hosts who sits enthroned on the cherubim. And they carried the ark of God on a new cart and brought it out of the house of Abinadab, which was on the hill. And Uzzah and Ahio,4 the sons of Abinadab, were driving the new cart, with the ark of God,5 and Ahio went before the ark.

Uzzah and the Ark

And David and all the house of Israel were celebrating before the LORD, with songs6 and lyres and harps and tambourines and castanets and cymbals. And when they came to the threshing floor of Nacon, Uzzah put out his hand to the ark of God and took hold of it, for the oxen stumbled. And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah, and God struck him down there because of his error, and he died there beside the ark of God. And David was angry because the LORD had broken out against Uzzah. And that place is called Perez-uzzah7 to this day. And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and he said, “How can the ark of the LORD come to me?” 10 So David was not willing to take the ark of the LORD into the city of David. But David took it aside to the house of Obed-edom the Gittite. 11 And the ark of the LORD remained in the house of Obed-edom the Gittite three months, and the LORD blessed Obed-edom and all his household.

12 And it was told King David, “The LORD has blessed the household of Obed-edom and all that belongs to him, because of the ark of God.” So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed-edom to the city of David with rejoicing. 13 And when those who bore the ark of the LORD had gone six steps, he sacrificed an ox and a fattened animal. 14 And David danced before the LORD with all his might. And David was wearing a linen ephod. 15 So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting and with the sound of the horn.

David and Michal

16 As the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal the daughter of Saul looked out of the window and saw King David leaping and dancing before the LORD, and she despised him in her heart. 17 And they brought in the ark of the LORD and set it in its place, inside the tent that David had pitched for it. And David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD. 18 And when David had finished offering the burnt offerings and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts 19 and distributed among all the people, the whole multitude of Israel, both men and women, a cake of bread, a portion of meat,8 and a cake of raisins to each one. Then all the people departed, each to his house.

20 And David returned to bless his household. But Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David and said, “How the king of Israel honored himself today, uncovering himself today before the eyes of his servants’ female servants, as one of the vulgar fellows shamelessly uncovers himself!” 21 And David said to Michal, “It was before the LORD, who chose me above your father and above all his house, to appoint me as prince9 over Israel, the people of the LORD—and I will celebrate before the LORD. 22 I will make myself yet more contemptible than this, and I will be abased in your10 eyes. But by the female servants of whom you have spoken, by them I shall be held in honor.” 23 And Michal the daughter of Saul had no child to the day of her death.

The Lord’s Covenant with David

Now when the king lived in his house and the LORD had given him rest from all his surrounding enemies, the king said to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells in a tent.” And Nathan said to the king, “Go, do all that is in your heart, for the LORD is with you.”

But that same night the word of the LORD came to Nathan, “Go and tell my servant David, ‘Thus says the LORD: Would you build me a house to dwell in? I have not lived in a house since the day I brought up the people of Israel from Egypt to this day, but I have been moving about in a tent for my dwelling. In all places where I have moved with all the people of Israel, did I speak a word with any of the judges11 of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd my people Israel, saying, “Why have you not built me a house of cedar?”’ Now, therefore, thus you shall say to my servant David, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, that you should be prince12 over my people Israel. And I have been with you wherever you went and have cut off all your enemies from before you. And I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth. 10 And I will appoint a place for my people Israel and will plant them, so that they may dwell in their own place and be disturbed no more. And violent men shall afflict them no more, as formerly, 11 from the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel. And I will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover, the LORD declares to you that the LORD will make you a house. 12 When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14 I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, 15 but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. 16 And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me.13 Your throne shall be established forever.’” 17 In accordance with all these words, and in accordance with all this vision, Nathan spoke to David.

David’s Prayer of Gratitude

18 Then King David went in and sat before the LORD and said, “Who am I, O Lord GOD, and what is my house, that you have brought me thus far? 19 And yet this was a small thing in your eyes, O Lord GOD. You have spoken also of your servant’s house for a great while to come, and this is instruction for mankind, O Lord GOD! 20 And what more can David say to you? For you know your servant, O Lord GOD! 21 Because of your promise, and according to your own heart, you have brought about all this greatness, to make your servant know it. 22 Therefore you are great, O LORD God. For there is none like you, and there is no God besides you, according to all that we have heard with our ears. 23 And who is like your people Israel, the one nation on earth whom God went to redeem to be his people, making himself a name and doing for them14 great and awesome things by driving out before your people,15 whom you redeemed for yourself from Egypt, a nation and its gods? 24 And you established for yourself your people Israel to be your people forever. And you, O LORD, became their God. 25 And now, O LORD God, confirm forever the word that you have spoken concerning your servant and concerning his house, and do as you have spoken. 26 And your name will be magnified forever, saying, ‘The LORD of hosts is God over Israel,’ and the house of your servant David will be established before you. 27 For you, O LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, have made this revelation to your servant, saying, ‘I will build you a house.’ Therefore your servant has found courage to pray this prayer to you. 28 And now, O Lord GOD, you are God, and your words are true, and you have promised this good thing to your servant. 29 Now therefore may it please you to bless the house of your servant, so that it may continue forever before you. For you, O Lord GOD, have spoken, and with your blessing shall the house of your servant be blessed forever.”

David’s Victories

After this David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

And he defeated Moab and he measured them with a line, making them lie down on the ground. Two lines he measured to be put to death, and one full line to be spared. And the Moabites became servants to David and brought tribute.

David also defeated Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to restore his power at the river Euphrates. And David took from him 1,700 horsemen, and 20,000 foot soldiers. And David hamstrung all the chariot horses but left enough for 100 chariots. And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down 22,000 men of the Syrians. Then David put garrisons in Aram of Damascus, and the Syrians became servants to David and brought tribute. And the LORD gave victory to David wherever he went. And David took the shields of gold that were carried by the servants of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem. And from Betah and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, King David took very much bronze.

When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the whole army of Hadadezer, 10 Toi sent his son Joram to King David, to ask about his health and to bless him because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him, for Hadadezer had often been at war with Toi. And Joram brought with him articles of silver, of gold, and of bronze. 11 These also King David dedicated to the LORD, together with the silver and gold that he dedicated from all the nations he subdued, 12 from Edom, Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines, Amalek, and from the spoil of Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

13 And David made a name for himself when he returned from striking down 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. 14 Then he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom he put garrisons, and all the Edomites became David’s servants. And the LORD gave victory to David wherever he went.

David’s Officials

15 So David reigned over all Israel. And David administered justice and equity to all his people. 16 Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder, 17 and Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were priests, and Seraiah was secretary, 18 and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over16 the Cherethites and the Pelethites, and David’s sons were priests.

David’s Kindness to Mephibosheth

And David said, “Is there still anyone left of the house of Saul, that I may show him kindness for Jonathan’s sake?” Now there was a servant of the house of Saul whose name was Ziba, and they called him to David. And the king said to him, “Are you Ziba?” And he said, “I am your servant.” And the king said, “Is there not still someone of the house of Saul, that I may show the kindness of God to him?” Ziba said to the king, “There is still a son of Jonathan; he is crippled in his feet.” The king said to him, “Where is he?” And Ziba said to the king, “He is in the house of Machir the son of Ammiel, at Lo-debar.” Then King David sent and brought him from the house of Machir the son of Ammiel, at Lo-debar. And Mephibosheth the son of Jonathan, son of Saul, came to David and fell on his face and paid homage. And David said, “Mephibosheth!” And he answered, “Behold, I am your servant.” And David said to him, “Do not fear, for I will show you kindness for the sake of your father Jonathan, and I will restore to you all the land of Saul your father, and you shall eat at my table always.” And he paid homage and said, “What is your servant, that you should show regard for a dead dog such as I?”

Then the king called Ziba, Saul’s servant, and said to him, “All that belonged to Saul and to all his house I have given to your master’s grandson. 10 And you and your sons and your servants shall till the land for him and shall bring in the produce, that your master’s grandson may have bread to eat. But Mephibosheth your master’s grandson shall always eat at my table.” Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants. 11 Then Ziba said to the king, “According to all that my lord the king commands his servant, so will your servant do.” So Mephibosheth ate at David’s17 table, like one of the king’s sons. 12 And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Mica. And all who lived in Ziba’s house became Mephibosheth’s servants. 13 So Mephibosheth lived in Jerusalem, for he ate always at the king’s table. Now he was lame in both his feet.

Footnotes

[1] 5:2 Or leader
[2] 5:5 Dead Sea Scroll lacks verses 4–5
[3] 5:20 Baal-perazim means Lord of breaking through
[4] 6:3 Or and his brother; also verse 4
[5] 6:4 Compare Septuagint; Hebrew the new cart, 4and brought it out of the house of Abinadab, which was on the hill, with the ark of God
[6] 6:5 Septuagint, 1 Chronicles 13:8; Hebrew fir trees
[7] 6:8 Perez-uzzah means the breaking out against Uzzah
[8] 6:19 Vulgate; the meaning of the Hebrew term is uncertain
[9] 6:21 Or leader
[10] 6:22 Septuagint; Hebrew my
[11] 7:7 Compare 1 Chronicles 17:6; Hebrew tribes
[12] 7:8 Or leader
[13] 7:16 Septuagint; Hebrew you
[14] 7:23 With a few Targums, Vulgate, Syriac; Hebrew you
[15] 7:23 Septuagint (compare 1 Chronicles 17:21); Hebrew awesome things for your land, before your people
[16] 8:18 Compare 20:23, 1 Chronicles 18:17, Syriac, Targum, Vulgate; Hebrew lacks was over
[17] 9:11 Septuagint; Hebrew my

A Seat at the King's Table



Key Verse | 2 Samuel 9:7

And David said to him, "Do not fear, for I will show you kindness for the sake of your father Jonathan, and I will restore to you all the land of Saul your father, and you shall eat at my table always."

Bio | Ryan Fitch

What's up!? My name is Ryan Fitch, and I'm from the small town of Mount Vernon, Texas. I'm a sophomore Biblical Studies major and work in the Student Life Office at Dallas Baptist University. I have the opportunity to serve on the Wake Creative Programming Team and The Nine Lead Team. I am passionate about seeing others come to know the truth of the gospel and apply it to their everyday lives. I'm especially an enthusiast for adventures, and I am thrilled to adventure into God's Word together!

Fun fact: I am a former national champion in clay shooting.

Central Truth

David's kindness is offered even to us. Except it's not from David; it's from our glorious God. His kindness is undeservedly extended to us through Christ Jesus so that we can accept the invitation to sit at the table of the King of Kings for eternity.

Devotional | 2 Samuel 5–9

I hope today's reading intrigued you! These five chapters are loaded with delicious narratives. We see David anointed as king over Israel in chapter 5. The Ark of the Lord is brought to Jerusalem in...

I hope today's reading intrigued you! These five chapters are loaded with delicious narratives. We see David anointed as king over Israel in chapter 5. The Ark of the Lord is brought to Jerusalem in chapter 6. God makes a covenant with David in chapter 7. David is given victory by the Lord wherever David goes in chapter 8. And finally, Mephibosheth enters the narrative in chapter 9. Who is he, and why is he significant? 

David wants to show kindness to whoever is left in the house of Saul for Jonathan's sake (2 Samuel 9:1). Jonathan was David's best friend and also the son of Saul. I find it crazy that David wanted to be kind to the family of a man who tried to kill him, but David does it anyway. Mephibosheth was a crippled man (2 Samuel 4:4), and when he is brought before David, he falls on his face and gives David honor (2 Samuel 9:6). He does this out of fear because he knows Saul always sought David's death. Did David seek him out to exact revenge? No. David shows kindness to Mephibosheth by giving him a seat at his table and restoring Saul's land to him. Mephibosheth is undeservedly treated as a son of the king.

Like David, God shows kindness to us through the forgiveness of our sins. We fall short of the glory of God every day (Romans 3:23), yet He provides salvation through His Son, Jesus Christ, who came to earth, lived a perfect life, and sacrificially died on a cross to pay the debt of our sin (1 Peter 2:24). King David gave Mephibosheth a seat at his table, but we get a seat at the table of the King of Kings. Jesus Christ offers this through our profession of faith in Him as our Lord and Savior (Romans 10:9-10).

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Discussion Questions

1. Have you accepted the invitation to sit at the table of the King of Kings? Do you feel as though you deserve that seat?

2. The beautiful aspect of Mephibosheth's access to the king is that it had nothing to do with him earning it, and the same truth applies to our access to God through the sacrifice of Jesus. Do you feel as though you are exploiting or ignoring that access? 

3. We have a need to be at the King's table, but must know that we cannot demand to be there either. When we demand something from God, it represents a wrong heart posture. Are you letting God do with you as He pleases, or are you demanding things of Him? If you are demanding, what can you do to change the posture of your heart?

4. David did not have to show kindness to Mephibosheth. Why should he have? In the same way, we as Christians are called to be kind and love one another as ourselves (John 13:34). Have you been kind to those who don't deserve it? How can you show the kindness of Christ to someone today?

3 Comments available

Hugh Stephenson about 3 hours ago

2 of 2

I compare David’s heart in his prayer of gratitude. What a great contrast for me. A shepherd boy becomes king and is more grateful than 2,000,000 people who were rescued from slavery.

I read a heart of humility, knowledge of God, gratitude, praise – and then finally a prayer for blessing.

But the best piece is his final prayer in verses 28-29:

28 And now, O Lord GOD, you are God, and your words are true, and you have promised this good thing to your servant. 29 Now therefore may it please you to bless the house of your servant, so that it may continue forever before you. For you, O Lord GOD, have spoken, and with your blessing shall the house of your servant be blessed forever.”

Hugh Stephenson about 3 hours ago

1 of 2

GM Ryan. Love this devo. LOVE your Central Truth. Also, the great link to Mephibosheth and how God’s kindness is offered to me as David did to him.

Reflecting today on David’s prayer of gratitude, 2 Samuel 7:18-29.

In a recent class we were reading through Exodus. I noticed was how right after the Red Sea crossing, just after the Song of Moses with Miriam’s repetition, just a few words later - they start grumbling. Then the LORD gives then water and bread. Still grumbling. Then military victories. More grumbling.

Even having read Exodus a number several times I never really picked up on the depth of the ingratitude in the midst of amazing blessings.

Greg Jones about 8 hours ago

And David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to David.2Samuel5:13

When David asks, “Is there anyone still left of the house of Saul to whom I can show kindness for Jonathan’s sake?” You kind of expect someone to say, “Psst David, your first wife, Michal, you know the one who’s really mad at you right now over all the kids with all the concubines deal, she’s Saul’s daughter, Jonathan’s sister. She saved your life back in 1Samuel19:11-17. Ring any bells? No?

Michal-meaning:Who is like God?

Mephibosheth-meaning:From the mouth of shame

Mephibosheth will have son

Mika-meaning:Who is like God?

Reviewing the questions and applying them to Michal(1Samuel18,19, 2Samuel6:16-23), Do the answers to the first 3 questions remain the same?

Does the perspective of the 4th change?

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